Publication de Farhad Khosrokhavar: “The Jihadist social actors in Europ”, E. Gutzwiller-Helfenfinger; H. J. Abs & P. Müller (Eds.), 2019
A la suite de la conférence “Migration, Social Transformation, and Education for Democratic Citizenship”, organisée par E. Gutzwiller-Helfenfinger, H. J. Abs, & P. Müller à Essen (Allemagne) les 27-28 août 2018, Farhad Khosrokhavar, membre de l’ANR SoV, a publié l’article “The Jihadist social actors in Europ” (p.243-273)
With the term jihadism,I refer to a religious and political phenomenon based on a radical version of Islam that claims to be the genuine and unique embodiment of Allah’s religion, all the others being fake. It is based on the primacy of jihad,that is,violence in the name of God, in order to impose on the world its religious norms, which it has reinterpreted in the light of radical Islam.
Since the emergence of Islamic State (IS or ISIS) in 2014, jihadism has brought new agents to the world stage, especially in the West. Its advent multiplied the calls for jihad among Western young people, and particularly among European young people. Among themwere adolescents and post-adolescents, but also young people of migrant origin, middle class converts, people with psychological problems (from depression to major psychopathologies), and women. In this article, I choose to deal only with young people of migrant origin, the middle class, and women jihadists.